To ensure the uniqueness of the European transport system there has been defined Pan-European network of transport corridors. Ten main corridors CEMT were being defined at the conference of Ministers of Transport from European countries in Helsinki 1997. The main objective of this initiative was the corridor agreement with common standards, technical elements, traffic parameters and levels of service.
One of them is Corridor Vc which connects Kiev (Ukraine) to the Adriatic Sea through Lvov and Budapest (Hungary). It consists of three branches, and branch Vc follows European route from Budapest (Hungary) to Ploče (Croatia), via Osijek (Croatia), Sarajevo (Bosnia and Herzegovina), interrelating with Corridor X on the route Zagreb - Belgrade.
At the territory of Bosnia and Herzegovina there is the longest part - 335 km - Vc of arm of this corridor, which extends by its central area, mainly through valleys of Bosna and Neretva rivers, or areas with the highest concentration of population, natural resources and the work created ones. In the area of corridor in its width of 40 km (on less than 20% of the territory), there are more than 50% of the population, which achieves more than 60% of the total GDP of Bosnia and Herzegovina.
Construction of motorway on Corridor Vc improves connectivity of Bosnia and Herzegovina with neighboring countries and advances the potential for economic development. The project has the strong support of the Government of Federation of B&H, and it is expected to have allowed better integration of the country with the European economic and social structures.
The Project of Corridor Vc through B&H is divided to four LOTs:
- LOT 1: Republic of Croatia Border (Svilaj) – Doboj South (Karuše)
- LOT 2: Doboj South (Karuše) – Sarajevo South (Tarčin)
- LOT 3: Sarajevo South (Tarčin) – Mostar North
- LOT 4: Mostar North – Republic of Croatia Border (Bijača)