The Rules and Advice on Proper Driving Behavior on the Motorway
- Motorways are intended only for the traffic of motor vehicles, and as such marked by the installed traffic sign. It has two separate carriageways for the two way traffic and each consists of at least two traffic lanes and an emergency lane without the at-level junction with cross roads and railways or tramways at the same level in which traffic can be accessed or excluded by certain and specially constructed side public roads connecting to the certain motorway lane.
- Motorways shall not be accessed by pedestrians, horse-drawn vehicles, bicycles, animals, nor by the vehicles unable to achieve moving speed greater than 40 km/h.
- On motorways it is not permitted to exceed the speed limit of 130 km/h, i.e. the limit prescribed with the installed traffic sign.
- On motorways drivers are not allowed to stop or park the vehicles. If the driver wish to stop the vehicle the driver can do so only on resorts, gas stations areas or areas aside of driveway such as resorts or the areas that are especially marked and arranged for it.
- The driver who due to a defect, malfunction of the vehicle or for any other reason was forced to stop the vehicle on the motorway pavement, the driver must stop it on the emergency lane - possibly as much right as possible, so as not to interfere, by opening the door of the vehicle, with motor vehicles driving down the right lane.
- On motorways the driver shall not make an U turn nor shall he move backwards
- Motor vehicles hauling another vehicle that cannot move on its own due to a breakdown or some defects are not allowed on motorways. Exceptionally, breakdown lorries are permitted on motorways if the breakdown took place on the very motorway and they are only permitted to move on the right traffic lane till the first access road on which breakdown lorries can be removed from the motorway traffic.
- On motorways vehicles shall move on the furthermost right traffic lane if it is not crowded by lined-up vehicles. The drivers can change traffic lanes to move quicker only by moving to the left traffic lane.
- On motorways drivers are not permitted to move from one traffic lane to another (slalom driving), nor are they permitted to overtake using emergency lanes or to ignore the safe distance rule, to rush the vehicles in front of them or to take any other action that might in any way be a hazard for other participants in the traffic.
- The driver that is entering the motorway traffic shall use a special fast lane after making sure that he can do that without putting in danger other participants in traffic and by taking into consideration the position of vehicles as well as the direction and speed of driving.
- The driver that is exiting the motorway traffic shall enter in time the furthermost right traffic lane and move to a special slowdown lane as soon as possible.
The Speed of Vehicles on the Motorways in Bosnia and Herzegovina
The driver is required to adjust the speed of the vehicle to the characteristics and condition of the road, visibility, weather conditions, condition of the vehicle, cargo caring, traffic density, traffic signs and other traffic conditions, so that the vehicle can stop on time before every obstacle that under these conditions could be predicted.
There is the maximum speed prescribed by the Law on motorways in Bosnia and Herzegovina of 130 km / h.
The stricter speed limits are applied to the following vehicles:
• 100 km per hour - for buses
• 80 km per hour - for buses with a light trailer, as well as for trucks with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 3,500 kg but less than 7,500 kg
• 80 km per hour - for motor vehicles with a caravan trailer or light trailer
• 70 km per hour - for buses when carried out organized transport of children , for articulated buses with no standing room , for trucks with a maximum permissible mass exceeding 7,500 kg and for trucks with a trailer
When operating a motor vehicle drivers of these vehicles are required to comply with the prescribed speed on the road according to a traffic sign placed there showing the permitted higher speed.
This booklet is intended for all traffic participants to help introducing new regulations on safety / traffic safety on the roads and its everyday use. Law on Road Safety basics / Law on the Basis of Traffic Safety entered into force on 8.2. 2006, and has been applied since 8. 8. 2006.