The construction of each facility, and thus the motorway, affects the environment, however, it is necessary, at all stages of construction, to continue to take account of the period of exploitation and to take the necessary measures to minimize negative impacts and to be below the prescribed limit values.
In the initial phase of development of project documentation, the development of the Environmental Impact Assessment should analyze the areas through which the motorway construction is planned. In order to prevent and / or mitigate the direct and indirect negative impacts of the project on the environment, basic data are provided for:
- areas of a corridor that the highway route must avoid due to their exceptional value or sensitivity (protected natural and cultural values, valuable forest and agricultural land, water supply, etc.)
- areas of the corridor through which the route can pass with the application of mitigation measures for negative environmental impacts.
The answer that should also be given already in the project documentation is to propose environmental protection measures that need to be implemented through the construction period and later exploitation.
The process of monitoring the impact on the environment should begin with the very beginning of construction and implementation.
Monitoring plan through three phases:
- Nut state monitoring (before commencement of works),
- Monitoring during the construction phase,
- Monitoring during exploitation of objects.
While the first and second phases are carried out over a relatively shorter period of time, the third phase is carried out longer, or during the entire period of exploitation. Upon completion of the construction of a particular section, the implementation of the Technical Review, with the issuance of the Required Permit, the authorized institutions shall prescribe the criteria to be met in the later period of exploitation. Through these criteria, the permissible limit values for individual pollution are prescribed, as well as the frequency and types of necessary testing and reporting for which the manager of the motorway, ie the PC Motorways FB&H, is responsible for the part of the highway on the Corridor Vc passing through the FB&H.
Throughout the exploitation period, according to the current regulations, the obligation of PC Motorways FB&H is to carry out control measures of quality, that is pollution of water, air, soil and noise level.
Great efforts and resources are entering water purification systems and noise protection. The water that is discharged from the surface of the basin of the basin through the closed drainage system before releasing into the environment passes through the purifiers. Regularly, according to the required frequency, water quality control is carried out after passing through the purifiers.
Changing the legal regulations and the permissible noise level values, on the shares that were built after 2012, and on the sections of the section that are passing in the vicinity of the settlements, there are also walls for protection against noise. For the shares built in previous years in the coming period, it will be necessary to additionally install walls for noise protection in places where the measurements themselves prove to be necessary.
It should be noted that 40 years ago the corridor was defined, on which the construction of the motorway from Sarajevo to Zenica was planned. However, after that, only the part, that is the main road M17, was built, and the upgrading to the full profile of the motorway is planned when the necessary conditions are met and the financial assets are secured. Since the construction of the motorway has begun since 2000, in the meantime, due to non-respect of urban conditions with the planned corridor, many existing settlements have been or have been expanded. As a consequence of this, today we have a situation that the motorway section from Sarajevo to Kakanj works well in the vicinity of settlements or practically through settlements, which greatly leaves the consequences and creates problems for maintaining the motorway itself.
The transport strategy of the EU 2050, adopted in 2011, aims to create a common European transport space in order to further integrate all modes of transport, and to reduce emissions of harmful gases by 60% by 2050.
Documents and Regulations: